Welcome to Psychology!
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Psychology helps us scientifically evaluate common beliefs and misconceptions about behavior and mental processes. In addition, psychology helps us to better understand the underlying reasons for the behavior and mental processes of ourselves and others.
Psychology has 4 main goals:
- Description: Tells “what” occurred. This is usually the first step in understanding behavior.
- Explanation: Tells “why” a behavior or mental process occurred. Explaining a behavior or mental process helps us discover and understand its causes.
- Prediction: Identifies conditions under which a future behavior or mental process is likely to occur. Prediction helps us anticipate whether a behavior will occur or not occur in a given situation.
- Change: Applies psychological knowledge to prevent unwanted behavior or to bring about desired goals. In almost all cases, change as a goal of psychology is positive. Psychologists help people improve their work environment, stop addictive behaviors, become less depressed, improve their family relationships, and more.
The study of Psychology can have an impact on every aspect of our lives and it spans way beyond just what occurs on the couch!